Striking Points

strikingpoints

 

 

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Kicks

Japanese
English
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ashi barai Foot/Leg Sweep. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
fumikiri geri Cutting Kick. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
fumikomi geri Stamping kick. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
geri Kick.
gyaku mawashi geri 360 degree round house kick View Picture 1 View Picture 2
hiza geri Knee Kick. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kakato geri Axe Kick, striking with the back of the heel of the foot. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
keage Snap Kick.
kekomi Thrust Kick View Picture 1 View Picture 2
mae geri Front Kick. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
mae geri keage Front Snapping Kick.
mae geri kekomi Front Thrust Kick.
mawashi geri Roundhouse Kick. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
mikazuki geri Crescent Kick. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
nami ash Evasion snap kick View Picture 1 View Picture 2
nidan geri Double Kick
ren geri Consecutive Kicking
shta geri Downward kick View Picture 1 View Picture 2
tobi geri Jumping Kick. View Picture 1
ushiro geri Back Kick or reverse kick. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
ushiro mawashi geri Reverse round house kick View Picture 1 View Picture 2
yoko geri Side Kick.
yoko geri keage Side Snap Kick.
yoko geri kekomi Side Thrust Kick View Picture 1 View Picture 2

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Punches

Japanese
English
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age zuki Rising Punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
awase zuki Short U-shaped dual Punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
choku zuki Straight Punch (no hips). Also known as Kara Zuki View Picture 1 View Picture 2
gedan zuki Downward Punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
gyaku zuki Reverse Punch.
hasami zuki Scissors Double (crossing punch) Punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
heiko zuki Parallel Punch, (A double, simultaneous punch). View Picture 1 View Picture 2
hiraken zuki Flat Fist (all knuckles out flat) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
ippon ken zuki One Knuckle Fist View Picture 1
jun zuki Jabbing punch when stepping into forward stance
kagi zuki Hook Punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kara zuki Straight punch (no hips). Also known as Choku Zuki View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kizami zuki Jabbing Punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
mawashi zuki Roundhouse Punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
morote zuki Augmented/Double punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
nagashi zuki Flowing punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
nakadaka ippon ken zuki Middle Finger One Knuckle Fist View Picture 1 View Picture 2
oi zuki Lunge punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
ren zuki Alternate/consecutive punching
sanbon zuki A series of three punches
shta zuki Downward Punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
tate zuki Vertical fist Punch (wrist snaps forward) View Picture 1
ura zuki An upper cut / close punch used at close range View Picture 1 View Picture 2
yama zuki Wide U-shaped dual punch View Picture 1 View Picture 2
yumi zuki Pulling punch (pull a person onto a another punch) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
zuki A punch

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Strikes

Japanese
English
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age empi uchi Upward Elbow Strike. Also called TATE EMPI UCHI
haishu uchi Back Hand Strike.
haito uchi Ridge-hand Strike.
ippon nukite One Finger Strike.
kakato uchi Bent wrist strike
keito uchi Chicken Head Strike.
kentsui uchi Side Hammer Fist Strike.
kumade uchi Bear hand strike.
mae empi uchi Forward/Front elbow strike
mawashi empi uchi Roundhouse elbow strike
nihon nukite Two Finger Strike
nukite Spear Hand strike
otoshi empi uchi Downward elbow strike
seriyuto uchi Ox jaw hand strike
shuto uchi Knife hand strike
tate empi uchi Upward Elbow Strike, also called AGE EMPI
teisho uchi Palm Heel Strike.
tetsui uchi Bottom Fist Strike
uchi Strike
uraken uchi Back Fist Strike
ushiro empi uchi Rear elbow strike
yoko empi uchi Side elbow strike

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Blocks

Japanese
English
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age uke Upper Rising Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
chudan ude uke Middle Level Forearm Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
chudan uke Middle Level Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
empi uke Elbow Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
gedan barai Lower Level Sweeping block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
gedan barai uke Lower level Sweeping Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
gedan uke Lower Level Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
hai-wan uke Back Arm Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
haishu uke Back Hand Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
haito uke Ridge-hand Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
jodan uke High Level Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
juji uke X Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kagi uke Hooking Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kakiwake uke Reverse Wedge Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
keito uke Chicken Head Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kentsui uke Side Hammer Fist Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kosa uke Crossed arm Double Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
morote uke Augmented Block - this term can be applied to other blocks View Picture 1 View Picture 2
muso uke Double forearm together block/trap View Picture 1 View Picture 2
nagashi uke Sweeping arm Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
nami ashi Inside Snapping Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
osae uke Pressing block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
seiryuto uke Ox Jaw Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
shuto uke Knife-hand Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
soto ude uke Outside Forearm Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
soto uke Outside forearm Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
sukui uke Scooping Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
teisho uke Palm Heel Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
tekubi kake uke Bent wrist palm up block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
tetsui uke Bottom fist block View Picture 1 View Picture 2
tsukami uke Grasping Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
uchi ude uke Inside Forearm Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
uchi uke Inside Block generally used as a short version of Uchi Ude Uke. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
ude uke Forearm Block. View Picture 1 View Picture 2
uke Block.
uraken uke Back Fist Block View Picture 1 View Picture 2

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Stances

Japanese
English
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fudo dachi Rooted Stance, see also SOCHIN DACHI (Weight distribution 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
gankaku dachi Crane Leg Stance - see also Tsuru Ashi Dachi (Weight distribution 100:0) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
hachiji dachi Open Leg Stance - heels together, toes pointing out (Weight distribution 50:50)
hangetsu dachi Half-Moon Stance or wide hour-glass stance (Weight distribution 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
Heiko Dachi Parallel stance - feet are facing forwards (Weight distribution - 50:50) View Picture 1
heisoku dachi Informal attention stance – Feet completely together (Weight distribution 50:50) View Picture 1
jiyu dachi Freestyle stance (Weight distribution 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kiba dachi Straddle Stance. Also known as Horse Riding Stance. (Weight distribution 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kokutsu dachi Back Stance (Weight distribution 70:30) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
kosa dachi Crossed feet Stance as in Heian Yondan at first Kai. (Weight distribution 90 front : 10 rear) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
musubi dachi Attention stance - heels placed together but toes turned out at 45 degrees. (Weight distribution 50:50) View Picture 1
neko ashi dachi Cats Foot Stance. (Weight distribution 90:10) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
renoji dachi L Stance (Weight distribution - 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
sanchin dachi Hour-glass Stance. (Weight distribution - 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
shiko dachi Square Stance (Weight distribution - 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
shizen tai dachi Natural Stance or position. The body remains relaxed but alert . This is a group of stances eg musubi-dachi, heisoku-dachi, heiko-dachi
sochin dachi Rooted stance, see Fudo Dachi (Weight distribution - 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
teiji dachi T stance (Weight distribution - 50:50) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
Tsuru Ashi Dachi Crane Leg Stance - see also Gankaku Dachi (Weight distribution - 100:0) View Picture 1 View Picture 2
uchi hachiji dachi Inverted open leg stance - feet facing inwards. (Weight distribution - 50:50) View Picture 1
Yoi Ready Stance - from the shizen-tai group of natural stances. Very similar to heiko-dachi but feet should be turned slightly. (Weight distribution - 50:50) View Picture 1
zenkutsu dachi Forward Stance. The actual translation means Front Knee Bent Stance. (Weight distribution - 70 front : 30 rear) View Picture 1 View Picture 2

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Numbers

Japanese
English
Japanese
English
Japanese
English
Ichi One Ju ichi Eleven San ju Thirty
Ni Two Ju ni Twelve Yon ju Fourty
San Three Ju san Thirteen Go ju Fity
Shi Four Ju shi Fourteen Hyaku One Hundred
Go Five Ju go Fifteen    
Roku Six Ju roku Sixteen    
Shichi Seven Ju shichi Seventeen    
Hachi Eight Ju hachi Eighteen    
Ku Nine Ju ku Nineteen    
Ju Ten Ni ju Twenty    
           

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Competiton Terminology

Japanese
English
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Ai Uchi Simultaneous strike - no score
Akka Red
Atoshi Baraku A little more time left in the bout.
Chui Warning
Chukoku Warning in a competition. First Category 1 or Category 2 warning without penalty.
Encho-Sen Extension of the bout
Hansoku This is imposed following a very serious infraction in a competition or when a HANSOKU CHUI has already been given. It results in the disqualification of the contestant.
Hansoku Chui This is a penalty in a competition, in which NIHON (two points), is added to the opponent's score.
Hantei Decision
Hiki Wake A draw in a bout.
Ippon Full Point
Jogai Chui Warning for leaving area
Kamai On Guard
Keikoku This is a penalty in a competition, IPPON (one point), is added to the opponent's score.
Manaka Ni Haite Come to the centre of the contest area
Moto No Ichi Return to original position(s)
Mubobi Self Endangerment during a bout
Nihon Two points in a bout.
Rei Bow
Shiai Contest
Shiai Jo Contest Area
Shikkaku This is a disqualification from the actual tournament, competition, or match In order to define the limit of SHIKKAKU, the Referee Council, must be consulted.
Shimpan Judge/Referee
Shiro White
Shobu Match
Shobu Hajime Start the Match or Bout.
Shomen Place for dignitaries
Shugo Judges are called during a bout.
Tarimasen No Score
Tszukete Hajime Resume Fighting
Waza Ari Half point
Yame Stop

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