The 10 Elements of Kata as instructed and laid down by Shihan Kanazawa

hirokazu kanazawa


  • YOI NO KISIN - Concentration of readiness
  • INYO - Active and passive moments
  • CHIKARA NO KYOJAKU - The correct application of strength
  • WAZA NO KANKYU - Speed of movement
  • TAI NO SHINSHUKU - Expansion and contraction of the body and movement
  • KOKYU - Breathing relative to the move
  • TYAKUGAN - Focus, Aiming points, keeping in mind the purpose of the move
  • KIAI - Demonstrating martial spirit
  • KEITAI NO HOJI - Correct stance, positioning, angles and movement
  • ZANSHIN - Remaining on guard, staying mentally focussed back to yoi


Remember, as Gichin Funakoshi said: “Do the kata correctly, The fight is another matter.”

Karate Styles & Originators

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